Tech firms lagging behind in advancing women

Technology firms are lagging behind in advancing women, according to a study by McKinsey and LeanIn.Org.

A laptop, mac and tablet on a deskThe report found that not only are women lacking in all levels of technology roles, but that the majority of those women believe their gender is holding them back in workplace.

The report found that women make up 36.8% of the entry-level jobs in the tech industry, whereas women account for nearly half of entry-level jobs in other industries.

The findings were a result of a report across 26 tech firms that surveyed 9,000 male and female employees.

Of the female employees questioned 29.9% said they believe their gender played a role in missing out on a promotion or pay rise. 37.1% said they feel their gender will be a disadvantage to them in the future. In non-tech industries 21.6% and 22.8% where found to feel the same way.

Discussing the report Julia Hartz, co-founder and president of online ticketing platform Eventbrite told the Wall Street Journal: "If you can’t see an example of what you could be, you really aren’t going to have that extra incentive to break through any types of barriers."

Several tech firms have launched programmes to increase the amount of women taking up careers in IT. BT, O2, Vodafone and Ericsson recently joined forces to launch a scheme to encourage girls to take up careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).

The programme called ‘Step into STEM’ will be working with Girls Talk London, to offer young women advice on how to reach senior business roles. The programme is currently a pilot, with the aim of rolling it out across the UK in the future.

Girls Talk London selected 20 year 12 students last month from four schools in London to take part in the mentoring programe. The schools are King Solomon Academy, St Michael’s Catholic School, Heathcote School and Our Lady’s Convent School.

The chosen few have been matched with a mentor from the four companies. They each receive one monthly session until October where they learn about their chosen roles and get advice on how to enter them. A week’s work experience at one of the companies in July will also be offered.

Teenagers coding, hacking and swapping personal info for cash on the rise

Teenagers able to code, hack and willing to swap their personal information in return for cash, are on the rise, according to a survey from Logicalis.

Teenagers coding featureAccording to the eighth annual Realtime Generation report commissioned by Logicalis UK, entitled ‘Are you ready for the age of digital enlightenment?’, 7% said they have tried hacking, equating to 1 in 14 or at least one hacker per classroom.

The survey of over 1,000 13-17 year olds found that young people spend nine hours a day online, with 93% owning a smartphone.

Of those questioned 42% said they would rather accept £15 for giving away their personal information than earn cash from a job.

Gerry Carroll, author of the report and marketing director at Logicalis UK, comments, “While some of the statistics around hacking and online behaviour may be alarming, it’s essential we recognise the economic potential of these instinctively digital teenagers.

“Whether creating new careers in an increasingly digitalised workplace, or nurturing the skills so sorely needed in the IT industry, today’s teenagers are better placed than ever before to achieve the efficiency and productivity promise of IT. Public and private sector organisations should nurture and channel these talents, creating the right opportunities for these digitally enlightened teens to deliver their true dividend.”

81% of students said they believe teachers do a great job integrating digital learning into lessons, and 60% said the ICT curriculum offers an adequate foundation for their higher education and career aspirations.

41% are taking a qualification in a computer science subject and 52% would make ICT and computer sciences mandatory - 45% of these were girls.

Of those questioned 43% said they are coding already or would like to learn how. 48% of these are girls.

64% of boys and 48% of girls said they would like to create their own apps to use on HE or company network.

Carroll added: “With numerous reports bemoaning the loss of jobs to increasingly computerised functions, this generation is busy developing the skills it needs for careers that don’t yet exist. The next decade will see an influx of employees whose capabilities will be light years ahead from our existing expectations of ‘ICT skills’.

“Able to create, build or knowledgeably commission the IT they want, today’s teenagers are a future workforce with the potential to enable and transform the UK’s digital economy.”

The top three career options for boys were IT & Information Management (28%), Manufacturing & Engineering (23%), Science & Research (21%). The top three for girls were Education & Training (18%), Medicine & Nursing (18%), Science & Research or Arts, Crafts & Design (15%).

BT, O2, Vodafone and Ericsson team up to launch ‘Step into STEM’ scheme

Kayleigh Bateman

BT, O2, Vodafone and Ericsson have joined forces to launch a scheme to encourage girls to take up careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).

Step into STEMThe programme called ‘Step into STEM’ will be working with Girls Talk London, to offer young women advice on how to reach senior business roles.

BT director of field, business and ethernet connections at Openreach Paula Constant said: “This scheme could make a real difference in encouraging girls to apply for jobs that require STEM skills. Research shows that even though girls study the relevant subjects in school, only a minority go on to pursue careers in this area.”

O2 chief operating officer Derek McManus said: “Our research revealed that many girls haven’t yet considered a career in tech or STEM and it’s an issue which is becoming deeply engrained from a young age.

“Far too many young people maintain the belief that these types of careers are most suited to men. Clearly there are some outdated myths that need busting.”

The programme is currently a pilot, with the aim of rolling it out across the UK in the future.

Girls Talk London selected 20 year 12 students last month from four schools in London. The schools are King Solomon Academy, St Michael’s Catholic School, Heathcote School and Our Lady’s Convent School.

The chosen few have been matched with a mentor from the four companies. They each receive one monthly session until October where they learn about their chosen roles and get advice on how to enter them. A week’s work experience at one of the companies in July will also be offered.

Dame Wendy Hall and Baroness Martha Lane-Fox made Distinguished Fellows by BCS

Professor Dame Wendy Hall and Baroness Lane-Fox of Soho have been made Distinguished Fellows by BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT.

Both were presented with their awards by HRH, The Duke of Kent, BCS Patron at the Institute’s annual dinner recently.

The announcement means Dame Wendy Hall and Baroness Lane-Fox join the likes of Bill Gates, Sir Tim Berners Lee and Vint Cerf in the distinction.

Dame-Wendy-Hall-thumbDame Wendy Hall is a Professor of Computer Science and Executive Director of the Web Science Institute at the University of Southampton.  She was Dean of the Faculty of Physical Science and Engineering from 2010 to 2014.

She was one of the first computer scientists to undertake serious research in multimedia and hypermedia, with her current research including applications of the Semantic Web and exploring the interface between the life sciences and the physical sciences. She is Managing Director of the Web Science Trust.

Paul Fletcher, BCS Group CEO, said: “This honour is not only to recognise Professor Dame Wendy Hall as one of the most influential people in IT, both in the UK and world-wide, but also for her tireless work in championing women in technology for more than thirty years. The influence of Wendy’s work has been significant in many areas including digital libraries, the development of the Semantic Web, and the emerging research discipline of Web Science.”

Professor Dame Wendy Hall said: “I am delighted and deeply honoured to receive this award.  When I joined the BCS many years ago as a junior lecturer at the University of Southampton, I never imagined I would ever join the ranks of such a distinguished group.  There is no doubt that being a member of BCS played a significant part in the development of my career, and I am very privileged to be able to accept this award.”

Baroness Martha Lane FoxBaroness Martha Lane-Fox is renowned for co-founding website with Brent Hoberman in 1998. She was also the UK Digital Champion, appointed by the government, from June 2010 until November 2013.

Last year she founded a national organisation, committed to making the UK brilliant in the network age. She was appointed a crossbench peer in the House of Lords in 2013 and in 2014 she was appointed Chancellor of the Open University. In addition she is chair of the digital skills charity Go ON UK.

In 2015 Martha joined the board of the Creative Industries Federation, the Scale up institute and the Open Data Institute. Martha has also founded her own charitable foundation and serves as a Patron of AbilityNet, Reprieve, Camfed and Just for Kids Law.

Fetcher said: “Baroness Lane-Fox of Soho has inspired many people through her extensive work. This honour recognises her distinguished career in IT as a business woman. Our purpose at BCS is making IT good for society and we believe that Martha is an embodiment of this philosophy with her work in successfully developing new technology services, her commitment to digital inclusion and championing new approaches to public policy to ensure that no one gets left behind in this digital age.”

Martha Lane Fox said: “I am delighted to be honoured by BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT. We are moving very fast from an industrial age to a network age that presents great opportunities but also new challenges and ethical choices. The UK’s future economic prosperity and social well-being are critically dependent upon our being a world leader in the new network age. I passionately believe that promoting and protecting the original promises of the internet - openness, transparency, freedom and universality – are essential if we are to harness the full potential of the internet and that we must ensure everyone in the UK has the digital skills needed to benefit from the network age.”


Accenture teams up with Stemettes to showcase careers in STEM to 1,800 girls


Careers in STEMAccenture has teamed up with not-for-profit Stemettes to host a series of events, next week, to encourage more girls to consider careers in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM).

Taking place on January 28th, across five different locations, girls aged between 11 and 15 will take part in coding workshops, and hear from speakers such as Naomi Mitchison, an IET Young Woman Engineer of the Year, and Carrie Bishop, director of Futuregov. The girls will also hear from representatives from the BBC and women in gaming.

The girls will take part in a hackathon, led by Stemettes, where they will compete using the Hakitzu Code Warriors game which requires JavaScript to choose weapons of choice.

The ‘Girls in STEM’ events will take place in London, Dublin, Newcastle, Edinburgh and Manchester reaching 1,800 students. In London and Newcastle, the attendees will participate in a crypto-analysis and code breaking workshop developed by the FBI to give an insight into digital forensics and cyber security. A virtual reality workshop and a Minecraft ‘hack jam’ which makes use of the Raspberry Pi and Python programming language will also take place.

The events follow on from Accenture’s own workshop that ran in January 2015 and was attended by 300 students.

Accenture and the Confederation of British Industry release a report last year which found despite the number of STEM vacancies rising, 46% of respondents reported a lack of skills needed to fill the positions.

AN additional Accenture survey revealed that 60% of girls aged 12 fell STEM subjects are too difficult to learn.

“It is a serious concern that girls believe that STEM subjects are too hard to learn, so the aim of our events is to showcase the applicability of these skills through interactive workshops,” said Emma McGuigan, senior managing director for Accenture Technology in the UK and Ireland.

“The speakers and workshops across the UK and Ireland aim to inspire girls and educate them about the amazing possibilities open to them.”

Olly Benzecry, country managing director for Accenture in the UK and Ireland, said: “By expanding our STEM events to five locations in 2016, we hope to encourage even more girls to commit to studying STEM subjects.

“As an employer providing STEM-based jobs, we are committed to supporting the work the government is already doing to ensure young people are excited about careers in STEM.”

"We're excited to be partnering with Accenture for the second year in a row to run such a large event for girls in STEM”, said Anne-Marie Imafidon, Stemettes.

“This year the strong attendance at so many locations shows the need for these events nationally. I'm excited to be bringing these girls on their own personal Stemette journeys, hopefully ending up in industry."

IET and Prospect unveil guide to Progressing Women in STEM roles

The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and Prospect have teamed up to release a guide for Progressing Women in STEM Roles.

The union for professionals, Prospect, joined forces with the IET in March to announce its plans for the guide, which supports employers working in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths) in being able to take action to improve gender diversity and inclusion in their workforce

The guide offers employers suggestions and best practice examples on how to attract more female candidates and steps to retain them and develop their careers. Tips are also given to managers to ensure promotions are fair and how to implement a ‘return to work’ programme.

The guide also covers unconscious bias, evaluating and monitoring the progress of diversity policies, and ensuring all staff feel valued regardless of gender.

Naomi Climer, IET President, said: “Only 9% of engineering staff are women and the lack of gender diversity is contributing to skills shortages that are damaging the economy. The shocking reality is that the UK is missing out on half of its potential engineering and technology workforce by failing to attract women into the industry.

“With this in mind, the IET is leading the way in encouraging more women into the sector. We know, for example, that many employers acknowledge that the lack of women in their organisations is a real problem, and so we hope this guidance will prompt them to take practical action to address this – both in terms of how they recruit more women and how they nurture the talent of those they already employ.”

IET Young Woman Engineer of the Year 2015

The IET tied in the launch of its guide with the announcement of its Young Woman Engineer of the Year 2015 award

This year’s winner was an Audio Engineer called Orla Murphy from Warwickshire. Employed by Jaguar Land Rover the 25 year old collected her award at an awards ceremony in London.women with phone featured

Climer added: “The announcement of our Young Woman Engineer of the Year 2015 also has an equally important role to play when it comes to gender diversity issues. By celebrating the achievements of exceptional women like Orla, we are giving young women a role model who will show them that women can make a real difference in our sector.”

Sue Ferns, Prospect Deputy General Secretary, said: "With around 20,000 members working in STEM, we are acutely aware of both the skills challenge these roles face and their vital contribution to building a more sustainable economy. Prospect has been working hard to encourage greater recruitment and retention of women which we believe is key to tackling the emerging skills crisis. The practical guidance published today builds on this and incorporates our pioneering work with employers in tackling unconscious bias.”

Denise McGuire, Vice President of Prospect, added: “Here at Prospect we are huge advocates of promoting equality and fairness in the workplace which is why we were delighted to work closely with the IET on guidance to help women progress in STEM roles. I'm sure the guidelines will be an invaluable tool for any employer, especially those in STEM, who are looking to become more female friendly in the way they recruit and retain staff."

Monster calls on IT industry to sign TechTalent Charter to increase diversity in sector

Recruitment firm Monster has unveiled the TechTalent Charter along with the support of several industry partners, in a bid to encourage tech companies to sign up and increase the amount of diverse talent within the sector.

Initially the Charter aims to address the challenges of equality in tech roles, with a long term plan of addressing wider issues surrounding diversity in the tech sector.Female Graduate in technology

Currently there is a requirement in the UK for 745,000 tech workers by 2017 and one million by 2020 and only 17% of tech and telco workers in the UK are currently women.

With today’s launch businesses are being called upon to sign the Charter as founding signatories.

The Charter has also established six workstreams to provide support, information and guidelines to help organisations implement protocols: Best Practice in Recruitment; Best Practice in Retention; Marketing & Promotion; Annual Reporting & Measurement; Eco-system & Policy and Education & Talent Pipeline.

Sinead Bunting, Marketing Director UK & Ireland at, said: ‘With a looming digital skills gap that is critical for our economy’s growth, we need to show young people, current professionals and in particular, females, who are worryingly underrepresented in the tech workforce, that tech skills are increasingly essential to jobs and careers. We also need to highlight and remind industry that a diverse workforce will deliver tech solutions and services that will meet  their customer base needs much better and as such not only be more representative of the UK population, but more commercially successful.

“There are so many excellent initiatives and organisations working in and around this area to raise awareness and make progress, but we recognise that to truly move the dial and effect change we are stronger working as a unified collective. We have a need and an opportunity to build a dynamic, representative and commercially successful tech workforce. However we do need to rethink and change how we build our talent pipelines, how we recruit and how we retain our tech staff. The Tech Talent Charter is a way we can all work together to make that happen and that is something we at Monster and in the Tech Talent Charter steering group are incredibly excited about. Please join us to make that change a reality. We really need your participation.”

Amali de Alwis, CEO of Code First Girls said: “Encouraging talented individuals to enter the technology sector, whether as graduates or at a later stage in their career, is something I believe passionately in, and is very much at the heart of the work we do at Code First Girls. Vital technology skills, whether in coding, data science, data security or UX/UI, now play a critical role in the way we live and work. With the UK looking at a needing further one million tech workers by 2020, we all have to take a serious look at how we manage talent in our companies and update restricting incumbent behaviour which are holding us back from continued success.

“This is the reason I became so heavily involved with the Tech Talent Charter. We need to ensure we are doing all we can to support all our businesses, whilst giving the candidates themselves the confidence to get involved in this dynamic and fast growing sector. I look forward to having you all join us on that journey, and working together to drive change in UK Business to supports our continued status and a global leader in tech, innovation and talent."

Debbie Forster, Co CEO of  Apps for Good, said: “It’s no secret that there is a digital skills gap in the UK, and ensuring young people and in particular women are playing a part in helping to fill this is crucial if we are to maintain our position as a leader in the digital and technology space.

“An important aspect of achieving this is thinking carefully about how we build the talent pipeline by working with schools and businesses to ensure we are encouraging and educating girls and boys from the word go, looking at how we engage and communicate the messaging around technology careers and how we are presenting the options available to them. The Tech Talent Charter is an important document to help guide businesses through this and I’m really excited about watching the movement grow, and help shape it as more organisations get involved.”

Businesses can support the TechTalent Charter at



Companies need to widen the net on STEM talent to attract more females

shield-1020318_640Companies need to widen the net on Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) talent if there are a lack of female Computer Science graduates coming through the pipeline, according to Christine Flounders, London R&D Manager at Bloomberg Technology Labs.

Speaking to WeAreTheCity during the WISE Conference 2015 at The Mermaid in Blackfriars last week, Flounders said: “Businesses need to figure out how to widen the net on talent in Stem. In the US you can change your mind about your studies and be hybrid. I didn’t know what I wanted to do at first and it’s not until university where you find out what you want to do and what your course actually means.”

Flounders said Bloomberg launched an enhanced bootcamp course for new employees that are not from a computer science background: “We have set up a bootcamp for new recruits to get up to date on Bloomberg and we have created an enhanced bootcamp for those who are not from a computer science background. When we go to universities, to recruit, we bring women with us.”

She studied Computer Science in New York and started at Bloomberg after graduation: “I came to London to build the London team. We’ve grown to 550 employees in 13 years with 70 different products.

“Two years ago we were at about 330 staff and I was expecting us to have employed more women by that point. I was in a position where I could do something about it and it was clear what the aspect of diversity could do for us. We had a good mix of people, but most of them were men.”

Flounders noted that a lack of women in front-end developer roles can put a company at a disadvantage when designing products: “The business case for diversity was not quite realised until about a year ago – it’s about making better products and being more competitive.

“The amount of decisions developers make are humongous, so ownership and decision making are key skills. We also have a lot of R&D initiated products so if there aren’t enough women in those roles that creates issues too.”

Threat of quotas and transparency needed to solve lack of women in Stem dilemma

A strong threat of quotas and transparency amongst businesses is necessary to move the dial on gender diversity in Science, technology, engineering and maths (Stem) roles, according to a panel of experts at the WISE Conference 2015.

Speaking at the event, which took place at The Mermaid in Blackfriars, Trudy Norris-Grey, WISE Chair and managing director of Microsoft's public sector business said: “If I get given a target at work, I go after it. If you get a diversity target and continue to review the target, then you start to get a change in the culture. It’s not for fairness sake, but for business. A target should be put on the agenda and the numbers should be published.WISE_awards_logo

“Tokenism is a thing of the past. Business now there is a war for talent, so a target is a good start to encourage the women to line up for these great roles and they intern will become role models for other girls. I have an allergic reaction to anything mandatory. However, businesses need a very open threat. If you don’t do it, I will impose quotas. Do it or we’ll come in with the legislation.”

Naomi Climer, President of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), agreed and said: “I’d make it mandatory – it’s been voluntary for decades and it hasn’t changed. I’d love to do it in an evolutionary way, but I’m running out of patience.

“A threat of quotas is pretty powerful.”

According to Allan Cook, non-executive director of WS Atkins the targets set by Lord Davies are a good example of targets that work.

Lord Davies published a report for the government in 2011 recommending that the boards of UK FTSE 100 companies should comprise a minimum of 25% women by the end of 2015 – a target which is on track. He also suggested that all companies should set targets to ensure more women at board level.

Cook said: “The ones who are not sure about it are the dinosaurs who are way back, because it’s a business imperative now.

“I’m against quotas, but we haven’t got the pipeline stuffed yet. If we make it into a quota system I think it will backfire on us.”

The panel was chaired by Bloomberg co-anchor, Anna Edwards. During the event Catherine Mayer, co-founder of the Women’s Equality Party, said: “Quotas are just a short term thing to get somewhere – a mechanism to get there. Then it’s important to develop and retain the people you get in through quotas. Quotas are a mechanism not an answer.

“A threat is needed rather than an immediate inquisition, but then to discuss how to retain those women throughout all stages of their careers.”

Shashi Watson, Senior Researcher at Winton Capital said she is “absolutely against quotas”.

She continued: “It’s just about letting girls know what’s out there as there will be stigma around the companies with quotas and people working there will feel like they’re being done a favour.”

Norris-Grey said she is against quotas but “prefers incentives, such as if you’re bidding for a government contract you should have some kind of diversity incentives, tax credits, etc to encourage more men and women to take up jobs that we can’t fill by the way.”

Climer agreed with incentives when bidding for contracts and said: “Make a criteria when choosing a bidder for example when I worked at Sony it was easy for me to do that in Japan, because to work with BskyB they have certain environmental criteria before you can get their business and work with them.”

“We need greater transparency in promotions, stats and pay. Businesses need to publish their gender statistics – if everyone did this it would raise the issue up on people’s agenda.”

Norris-Grey also suggested that targets should be for apprenticeships: “The government has declare its support for three million more apprenticeships, however I think at least one in three of those should be women. This will remove the biasness at the beginning to save us unravelling it in the future.”

Sex Discrimination Act 40th anniversary

Yesterday Climer, Trudy Norris-Grey, Mayer along with Christine Flounders

Research and Development Manager in London, Bloomberg wrote an open letter to the Financial Times and the London Evening Standard highlighting the 40th anniversary of the Sex Discrimination Act being passed in the UK.

The letter said: “We applaud the progress that has been made since.

But in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), progress remains slow. Women make up just 14 per cent of the UK’s STEM workforce. We want to see this be nearer 30 per cent by 2020.

The letter calls on government to create strong public policy: “We challenge the government to provide a clear commitment to accelerate diversity in our STEM industries.

“We cannot afford to wait another forty years to achieve this change.”

Young people's confidence may be more important than qualifications Mumsnet founder tells WATC

Gaining confidence may be more important than gaining qualifications when it comes to a successful career, Justine Roberts the founder of Mumsnet told WeAreTheCity recently.

Justine Roberts is a Sky Academy ambassador and she recently took part in the Sky Academy Starting Out initiative which offers young people experience and employment opportunities to prepare them for the world of work.Justine Roberts

Sky Academy consists of five initiatives that use TV, creativity and sport to support young people in unlocking their potential.  The initiatives are - Sky Sports Living for Sport; Sky Academy Skills Studios; Sky Academy Careers Lab; Sky Academy Starting Out and Sky Academy Scholarships.

Sky Academy launched in November 2013 and has since helped over 250,000 young people across the UK and Ireland.

Sky Academy ran Confidence Month through October to highlight the importance of confidence in young people’s development. The campaign focuses on building practical skills, experience and confidence through unlocking the potential of one million young people by 2020.

The Sky Academy Confidence Month is supported by a host of ambassadors including David Beckham, Jessica Ennis-Hill, Davina McCall, Alfie Deyes, Ella Eyre, Justine Roberts, Melvyn Bragg and Thierry Henry.

Robert’s idea for Mumsnet was to create a website where parents could swap advice about all the things parents talk about.

Speaking to WeAreTheCity recently Roberts said: “I wanted an environment where you can work from home and not be judged for “wussing out.” An environment where you don’t have to pretend that your family isn’t the most important thing in your life. Work is usually a close second to family and that’s the case for most people.”

“As parents on Mumsnet we’re aware of confidence and that it is so important – it’s probably more important than qualifications. So, I was happy to get involved with Sky’s Academy with my Mumsnet hat on.”

Roberts shared her own career journey with the young people taking part in the Sky Academy Starting Out programme, discussing the role of confidence in the workplace and the importance of women working in technology. She said: “In the tech space there is a strong stereotype of geeky males, working in a basement, and this needs rebranding. Tech needs rebranding as a sector.”

She also spoke to the young people about their experiences as part of Sky’s graduate programmes, apprentice schemes and work experience placements. Sky offers accredited, permanent positions for school and university leavers on one to three year paid graduate programmes and apprenticeships.

Women are nervous about being confident, as they think they’ll be seen as being too assertive or brash

Roberts said: “I’ve spent the day with young people discussing how they want to develop in their careers. Skills bring confidence and confidence is key.

“Women are nervous about being confident, as they think they’ll be seen as being too assertive or brash. Whereas men don’t tend to have that. There is an unconscious biasness towards how we judge others.”

Sky Academy recently conducted research in partnership with YouGov of over 1,600 respondents to find that young people are turning to social media for confidence. The research found that over a third (32%) of all social media users aged 11 to 24 claim they are more confident on social media than in person. This figure rises to 47% for those who say they are not confident in themselves.

89% of girls were found to use social media compared to 82% of boys. Of these, 36% of girls said they are more confident on social media than in person, compared to 28% of boys. 63% of girls admitted they are more likely to upload photos on social media compared to 41% of boys. 66% of girls said their confidence is influenced by how attractive they feel.

However, 21% of social media users aged 11-13 claimed other people have written mean or negative things to or about them on social media. Furthermore, 14% of children said the number of friends they have on social media affects their confidence.

Overall, 33% of all young people questioned said they are ‘not confident’ in themselves.

Lucy Carver from Sky Academy said: “Confidence plays a crucial role in helping young people succeed and unlock their potential, and it’s really important that young people feel confident, both in person, and on social media.

“Having worked with over a quarter of a million eight to 24 year olds so far, we know that by providing real experiences, Sky Academy builds skills which ultimately build confidence.  It’s our aim to help one million young people by 2020.”